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List of Research Reports (No.81~No.100)

No.100 Empirical Research for Effective Cooperation of Supports for Independent Life and Work of People with Disabilities (March 2011)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/175.71KB)
What problems do people with disabilities or diseases face when they find and keep their jobs? What arrangements provided by local support organizations, workplaces, or the people are effective as solution of these problems? The NIVR conducted questionnaire surveys on the people and implemented model projects (to accumulate support cases in leading-edge support groups) for people with intractable diseases and developmental disabilities in order to measure and clarify the results of the arrangements quantitatively in statistical methods based on data obtained from the surveys.
No.99 Fundamental Research on Disability Recognition of People with Higher Brain Dysfunction or Developmental Disabilities in Accordance with Necessity for Support to Their Working Lives (March 2011)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/153.27KB)
In this research, the NIVR grasped the actual situations and issues of people with higher brain dysfunction or developmental disabilities at the stages of diagnosis, job-seeking registration, and employment information based on surveys on medical institutions, public employment security offices, and vocational rehabilitation organizations. The NIVR expects that this report will be used as a basic reference not only for those who are involved in job assistance but also a variety of organizations to examine the ideal way of disability recognition.
No.98 Study on support for employers on job development in the employment of persons with disabilities (April 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/48.99KB)
Many companies, responding to certain surveys on the employment of persons with disabilities, state that they have difficulties in identifying what kind of job or workplace would suit persons with disabilities. This study addressed that tendency, referred to as the job-duties issue, entailed: a) a mail-in and interview survey of companies, b) a survey through the intranet of Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities, and c) an interview survey of US employment support agencies, and investigated job development as a solution to the job-duties issue. It then offered hints of a solution or practical know-how to companies or agencies facing a comparable challenge.
No.97 Study for further promotion of job placement and continuous employment for the middle-aged and elderly persons with disabilities(April 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/201.61KB)
Persons with disabilities who are working or who had worked before have a strong desire to keep working until 60 years old. However, this desire is difficult to be fulfilled. The research the focuses on recruiting and employment continuance for the middle-aged and elderly persons with disabilities. Research is composed of bibliographical research, two times questionnaire surveys of the employments, and interviews by the employer's visit, and attending lectures by specialists. This research will give useful information and insight for the employer and those who relate to the following issues: "strategy for finding employment," "supports for keep working," and "smooth retirement from employment."
No.96 Study on the maintaining employment of persons with early onset dementia(April 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/179.63KB)
First of all, we clarified the use of the word "early onset dementia" and overviewed the findings of the preceding research studies. Then, we interviewed the specialists for the purpose of revealing the present conditions of the support for persons with early onset dementia. To reveal the current status of employment of persons with early onset dementia, we made a survey of Early onset dementia Family Group. We also made a survey of vocational counsellors to understand the utilization status of Vocational Rehabilitation Centers for Persons with Disabilities and to clarify the current situations and problems of the employment support. Although there were few cases in which persons continued working after the onset of dementia, we conducted an interview survey on the cases. In the study, several issues that should be addressed are suggested.
No.95 A study on the employment conditions,etc., to promote employment of persons with mental disabilities(March 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/192.21KB)
Ascertains and analyzes actual conditions surrounding the placement of Public Employment Security Office for persons with mental disabilities to study the employment conditions of them. Interviews to the companies that employ persons with mental disabilities to survey the management concerning them. Clarifies present conditions and the employment continuation of persons with mental disabilities.
No.94 Study on the effects from employment of persons with disabilities on management(March 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/286.27KB)
When companies employ persons with disabilities, effects on their management through various factors are considerable. To develop employment of persons with disabilities, it is important to clarify above mentioned effects and specify essential positive factors for further promotion of the employment of persons with disabilities. Considering these circumstances, this study aims to have accurate views on the situation and problems of employment of persons with disabilities through several kind of surveys, paying strong attention to their relationship with management of the companies. Based on the results of these surveys and analysis on them, measures to cope with problems found in this study are suggested as our conclusions.
No.93(Vol.2) A Study on the Development of the Vocational Rehabilitation Method for Persons with Disabilities who need special care during their Transition period from Training Institutions to the Workplace (Vol.2 (Support for Returning and Adapting to Work))(March 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/252.56KB)
The purpose of this study is to develop a more effective return-to-work method for those on sick leave, mainly from depression. Total-Package", a supporting tool of vocational rehabilitation was applied on a trial basis to processes of return-to-work support by corporations and medical institutions to examine its effectiveness. Although the applications varied depending on the client's needs and conditions, we have verified that the package is effective for improving both self-understanding and self-management.
No.93(Vol.1) A Study on the Development of the Vocational Rehabilitation Method for Persons with Disabilities who need special care during their Transition period from Training Institutions to the Workplace (Vol.1 (Work-Support))(March 2010)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/176.90KB)
The purpose of this study is to develop a more effective work-support system for persons with mental or developmental disabilities who need special care. In this study, Total-Package", a supporting tool for vocational rehabilitation, was applied to the processes of work-support. It was done by the educational, medical, welfare or vocational rehabilitation institutions, and corporations. We examined the effective uses of the Package at each institution mentioned above. We have verified that the Package is effective for improving vocational-assessment, training, and cooperation for all the parties involved. Furthermore, the procedure to systematical use of the Package was suggested.
No.92 Study on the factors that enable Persons with Higher Brain Dysfunction to retain their works (March 2009)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/197.04KB)
We examined how the model project and generalization project for supporting persons with higher brain dysfunction have influenced on employment support for persons with higher brain dysfunction through investigating the actual situation of persons with higher brain dysfunction who used Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities and National Institute of Vocational Rehabilitation. Also, we examined the outcome of support services to persons with higher brain dysfunction provided by job coaches at Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities. We carried out questionnaire survey and interviews with employers who hired persons with higher brain dysfunction. We clarified the necessary supports for both persons with higher brain dysfunction and employers to retain the employment, and strategies to enhance the adjustment of persons with higher brain dysfunction and improve their situation.
No.91 A Study on the countermeasures to Expand the Employment Opportunities for Blind and visually Impaired Persons (March 2009)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/108.76KB)
The employment situation for blind and visually impaired persons has been getting harder, because the number of sighted therapists has increased in the market of massage acupuncture and moxibustion therapies, which are traditionally thought as jobs for blind and visually impaired persons, and yet, employment opportunities for other jobs have not been developed.
In this study, we conducted several surveys from various angles and clarified consciousness of blind and visually impaired jobseekers towards the job findings and the actual situation of the incumbent workers with blindness and visual impairments.
Through such versatile findings, we examined effective measures to expand job opportunities and secure the employment of blind and visually impaired persons in the type of clerical works as well as health-keepers and physical therapeutic trainers, which have been developed as new jobs for blind and visually impaired persons with such traditional licenses of massage, acupuncture and moxibustion therapies.
No.90 A study about the development of the support meathod coping with the needs and the change of the work support process for schizophrenic person (March 2009)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/105.67KB)
The purpose of this study is to clarify the knowledge the meathod and the process of the work support for schizophrenic person and to share the know-how of the work support for the schizophrenic person. The "modified grounded theory approach", one of the qualitative research methodology, is used in the analysis. The distinctive support processes for the schizophrenic person is that two or more supports are done simultaneously, and that each support influences each other in the repetition. It is suggested that cooperation between support person and schizophrenic person be developed. In addition, it is suggested that it be a common process when seeing from the flow of support process though there is a difference of the support form by each organization.
No.89 Developmental study on informative supports for relevant community institutions to conduct work supports (March 2009)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/118.16KB)
Recently, many community institutions of various fields including health and medical, welfare, education, and labour are being engaged in supporting independent living and work of persons with disabilities. In this research, the present situation and issues of community partnership and information sharing among them were surveyed by mail. Also, in order to deal with the issues, we developed some prototypes of informative support tools. The survey revealed growing needs for multidisciplinary partnership in conducting individual and ongoing life supports for persons with disabilities in community. Based on the results, we proposed informative support tools to help a virtuous cycle of encouraging proper information sharing and partnership among the community institutions and promoting comprehensive understandings of potentiality of work supports and workability of persons with disabilities among the persons, employers and concerned supporters.
No.88 Study on the Issues of Work Support for Person with Developmental Disabilities (March 2009)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/72.11KB)
The purpose of this study is to analyze the situation of employment of the person with developmental disabilities and the use of the vocational rehabilitation service, the educational institution service, the welfare support and so on , and to clarify the problems of work support for the person with developmental disabilities. And, focusing on the person with pervasive developmental disorder and learning disabilities. The problem of the work support especially on "Shift from the school to work" and "Current situation of entering into work and designing life career" is clarified, and the ideal way of the support in the future is proposed.
No.87 A Study on the Provision of "Reasonable Accommodation" for the Employment of Persons with Disabilities -- Trends and Development in EU Countries and the United States - (March, 2008)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/105.14KB)
In order for workers with disabilities to fulfil their potentials, it is necessary to remove barriers and arrange the working conditions for them. Measures to meet this goal are being recognized and made recently from a viewpoint of the provision of "reasonable accommodation".
This study aims to clarify the present situation and impending matters relating to both non-discriminatory legislation and the provision of reasonable accommodation, through the comparison of legislations and policies implemented by European Union, major member states of EU (UK, Germany and France), as well as the United States which is recognized to be advanced in realizing such legislation and measures.
Furthermore, this study also provides insight on the significance of the provisions on this measure in the UN "Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities", through the examination of its drafting process in the United Nations.
No.86 Study on the Current Situations and Employers' Needs for Employment Support by Job Coach and Other Personal Assistance. (March 2008)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/96.79KB)
This study examined intra-corporate support systems for job retention of persons with disabilities in various corporations, employers' needs for employment support, and current situations of employment support by job coaches and/or other personal assistances of Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities and/or other organizations in Japan.
The authors worked out the standpoint on various issues and the future direction of the new development regarding the employment support for persons with disabilities. In the 5th chapter, the authors describe the development and the current situation of supported employment in the US for the benefit of further study.
No.85 The Process for Building a Support System at Workplaces for Persons with Disabilities -A Study on the Process and Method of Forming Natural Supports-(March 2008)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/289.19KB)
In order for people with disabilities to retain jobs, natural supports in the workplaces are important. Though natural supports are said to be "natural", employment specialists are sometimes required to form "natural supports" intentionally in some settings. There are very few investigations which study the processes of forming natural supports in the workplaces. Qualitative data regarding the processes of forming natural supports are gathered from interviews with employment specialists and co-workers. The processes of forming natural supports in the workplaces are emerged from qualitative data analysis using modified grounded theory approach.
No.84 Comprehensive Study on Network Development of Working Life Supports for People with Disabilities through Community Collaboration between Employment and Medical Fields (March 2008)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/227.31KB)
This study focused on the way to advance employment supports for job seekers receiving an ongoing medical treatment through collaboration between employment and medical fields. For people with intractable diseases, new demonstration projects on employment supports including customized employment were proposed and implemented, and then the cases of the participants were analyzed. For people with higher brain dysfunction, the demonstration projects on supports with collaboration between medical and employment were implemented while efforts of each area were researched and discussed. For people with mental disorders, supports for transition from the medical fields to employment and post-hire supports for retaining employment through collaboration between companies and related organizations were researched and discussed. Also, the tools for an informational support which can be used for collaboration among related organizations were developed and field-tested.
No.83 Study on the Job Assistance Program for People with Developmental Disabilities -Development of Work Challenge Program (prototype)-(March 2008)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/189.61KB)
Work Challenge Program for people with developmental disabilities was made to aim at acquirement of knowledge about basic rules in the workplace and finding problems in demonstrating by one's action about the rules. This report describes the process of development of the program and suggestive information to use it. The questionnaire survey about adopted rules by this program was conducted for teachers and employees, and the result was examined.
No.82 Study on a Practical Use of Task Analysis in Vocational Rehabilitation(March 2008)
Japanese LinkSummary(PDF/1.19MB)
The purpose of this study was to clarify practical use possibility of application software "Task Architect" which supported the hierarchical task analysis that was effective for the vocational rehabilitation scene and to clarify a prospect to reduce a cost depending on task analysis. At first, in a function of "Task Architect", the study paid attention to a template and the property that we could use properly depending on a viewpoint of the analysis and customized it to be able to utilize it in vocational rehabilitation. With that in mind, the study performed suggestion about the concrete practical use method of "Task Architect" based on the example of a collected work process by questionnaire survey and hearing investigation. As a result of these, "Task Architect" had the problem in the inflection such as the limit of the print function, but understood that uniformity degree could reduce a cost to depend on task analysis to some extent because it was possible for the perspective grasp in a work process, the convenience improvement of the convenience in the information management by the property, promotion of efficiency of the list making.
No.81 The Development of Anti-discriminatory Legislation and the Trends of Employment Measures for Persons with Disabilities in EU Countries (March 2007)
Japanese Link
In November of 2000, the EU Council issued a Directive on Establishing a General Framework for Equal Treatment in Employment and Occupation. This study examines how the member countries have been implementing the Directive through anti-discriminatory acts and/or other employment measures. By analyzing the situation from various viewpoints such as legal systems, employment policies and statistics, the study gives an insight into the future directions of employment measures and points out the problems to be further investigated.